Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

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Institution Tanzania


Publications

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FARI


Publications

During the past twenty years, the institute has carried out several researches resulting into more than four hundred (500) published and unpublished articles and technical reports.

A LIST OF PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS SINCE 2000

Alleman, L.Y., Cardinal, D., Cocquyt, C.C., Plisnier, P.D., Descy, J.P, Kimirei, I., Sinyenza, D., and Andre, L. 2005. Silicon isotopic fractionation in Lake Tanganyika and its main tributaries. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 31:509-519

Bachok Z.; Mfilinge P.L.; Tsuchiya M., 2003: The diet of the mud clam Geloina coaxans (Mollusca, Bivalvia) as indicated by fatty acid markers in a subtropical mangrove forest of Okinawa, Japan. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 292(2): 187-197.

Bachok, Z, Mfilinge, P. & M. Tsuchiya 2006. Characterization of fatty acid composition in healthy and bleached corals from Okinawa, Japan. Coral Reefs, 1-10.

Bachok, Z., Mfilinge, P.L., Tsuchiya, M., 2006: Food sources of coexisting suspension-feeding bivalves as indicated by fatty acid biomarkers, subjected to the bivalves abundance on a tidal flat. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 1(1): 92-111.

Bayona, J.D.R., B. Msuku & S. Mzighani. 2004. Fish species composition, size structure and distribution in non-trawlable areas of Lake Victoria (Tanzania) on emphasis on Mwanza Gulf and Mori Bay. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 109-122.

Chande, A.I. and Mgaya, Y.D., 2003. The fishery of Portunus pelagicus and species diversity of Portunid crabs along the coast of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Sciences 2 (1): 75-84.

Chande, A.I. and Mgaya, Y.D., 2004. Food and feeding habits of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus along the coast of Dar es Salaam. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science. 3 (1): 37- 42.

Chande, A.I. and Mhitu, H.A., 2005. Fish species, size distribution and abundance in different areas in Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Science, 31(1): 73-82.

Chitamwebwa, D.B.R. & Kimirei, I.A., 2005. Present fish catch trends at Kigoma, Tanzania. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung Limnologie, 29(1): 373-376.

Descy, J.P., M.A. Hardy, S. Sténuite, S. Pirlot, B. Leporcq, I. Kimirei, B. Sekadende, S.R. Mwaitega and D. Sinyenza  2005. Phytoplankton pigments and community composition in Lake Tanganyika. Freshwater Biology, 50: 668-684.

Descy, J.-P., P.-D. Plisnier, L. Alleman, L. Andre, D. Chitamwebwa, C. Cocquyt, E. Deleersnijder, I. Kimirei, J. Naithani, H. Phiri, D. Sinyenza & W. Vyverman, 2002. Climate variability as recorded in Lake Tanganyika (CLIMLAKE). Bulletin of the International Decade for East African Lakes. 3-5.

Descy, J-P, Leporcq, B., Hardy, M-A., Pirlot, S., Stenuite, S., Kimirei, I., Sekadende, B., Mwaitega, S. and Sinyenza, D., 2006. Le phytoplancton du lac Tanganyika: une vision par l'analyse des pigments algaux, in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre Mer, 51(2): 129-142.

Goudswaard, P.C., F. Witte and E.F.B. Katunzi, 2002: The tilapiine fish stock of Lake Victoria before and after the Nile perch upsurge. Journal of Fish Biology, 60(4): 838.

Goudswaard, P.C., Wanink, J.H., Witte, F., Katunzi, E.F.B., Berger, M.R. & Postma, D.J. (2004) Diel vertical migration of major fish-species in Lake Victoria, East Africa. Hydrobiologia, 513: 141-152.

Gullström, M., Lundén, B., Bodin, M., Kangwe, J.W., Öhman, M.C., Mtolera, M.S.P. and Björk, M., 2006. Assessment of the changes in the seagrass-dominated submerged vegetation of tropical Chwaka Bay (Zanzibar) using satellite remote sensing. Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science, 67(3): 399-408.

Katunzi, EFB, W.L.T. Van Densen, J.H. Wanink and F. Witte, 2006: Spatial and seasonal patterns in the feeding habits of juvenile Lates niloticus (L.), in the Mwanza Gulf of Lake Victoria. Hydrobiologia, 568(1): 121-133.

Katunzi E.F.B., Zoutendijk J., Goldschmidt T., Wannink J.H. and Witte F. (2003) Lost zooplanktvorous cichlids from Lake Victoria reappear with a new trade. Ecology of freshwater fish 12:1-4.

Katunzi, EFB & MA Kishe, 2004: Changes in population structures of the major species in selected satellite lakes around Lake Victoria following changes in fishing effort. Tanzania Journal of Science, 30 (2): 53-64.

Kishe, M.A., 2004: Physical and chemical characteristics of water in selected locations in Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Science, 30 (2): 65-72.

Kishe, M.A. and Machiwa, J.F., 2003. Distribution of heavy metals in sediment of Mwanza Gulf of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Enviromnental International, 28 (7): 619–625.

Kulekana, J.J., 2004: Levels of nitrate and phosphate in some satellite lakes within of Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 01-10

Mahongo, S.B., 2000: Radiative heat exchange in a tropical Chwaka bay, east coast of Zanzibar. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 29: 12-18.

Makota, V., Sallema, R. & Mahika, C., 2004. Monitoring Shoreline Change using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study of Kunduchi Area, Tanzania. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 3(1): 1-10.

Maan, M.E., O. Seehausen, L. Soderberg, L. Johnson, E.A.P. Rip-meester, H.D.J. Mrosso, M.I. Taylor, T.J.M. Van Dooren, and J.J.M. van Alphen. 2004. Intraspecific sexual selection on a spe-ciation trait, male coloration, in the Lake Victoria cichlid Pun-damilia nyererei. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B271: 2445–2452.

Matsuishi, T., Muhoozi, L., Mkumbo, O., Budeba, Y., Njiru, M., Asila, A., Othina, A. & Cowx, I.G. (2006) Are the exploitation pressures on the Nile perch fisheries resources of Lake Victoria a cause for concern? Fisheries Management and Ecology 13(1): 53-71.

Mbonde, A.S.E., S. Shayo, B.C. Sekadende & T.J. Lyimo (2004). Phytoplankton species diversity and abundance in the near shore waters of Tanzanian side of Lake Victoria. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 71-82

Medard, M. (2003). The Nile perch processing industry in Tanzania: Trends, issues and development. The African Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries, 10: 71-88.

Meziane, T., S.Y. Lee, P.L. Mfilinge, et al., 2006: Inter-specific and geographical variations in the fatty acid composition of mangrove leaves: implications for using fatty acids as a taxonomic tool and tracers of organic matter. Marine Biology, 1-11.

Mfilinge P.L, Meziane, T., Bachok, Z., Tsuchiya M. (2003) Fatty acids in decomposing mangrove leaves: Indication of microbial activity, state of decay, and nutritional quality Marine Ecology Progress Series, 265: 97-105.

Mfilinge, P.L., Meziane, T., Bachok, Z., et al. 2005. Total lipid and fatty acid classes in decomposing mangrove leaves of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Kandelia candel: Significance with respect to lipid input. Journal of Oceanography, 61: 613-622.

Mfilinge, P.L., Meziane, T., Bachok, Z., Tsuchiya, M. 2004. Litter dynamics and particulate organic matter outwelling from a subtropical mangrove in Okinawa Island, South Japan. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 63: 301-313.

Mfilinge, P.L., N. Atta & M. Tsuchiya, 2002. Nutrient dynamics and leaf litter decomposition in a subtropical mangrove forest at Oura Bay, Okinawa, Japan.  Trees 16: 172–180.

Mhitu, H.A. & Chande A.I. 2004. Diurnal feeding patterns and food habits of Lates niloticus in the Speke Gulf, Lake Victoria. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 93-100.

Molsa, H., Sarvala, J., Badende, S., Chitamwebwa, D., Kanyaru, R., Mulimbwa, N. and Mwape, L. 2002. Ecosystem monitoring in the development of sustainable fisheries in Lake Tanganyika.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 5(3): 267-281.

Mrosso, HDJ, BS Msuku & O Seehausen, 2004: Relationship between water transparency and species richness of surviving Haplochromines in selected habitats in Mwanza gulf - Lake Victoria. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 101-108.

Mwambungu, J.A., 2004: The diversity of benthic molluscs of Lake Victoria and Lake Burigi. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 21-32.

Mzighani, S. 2005. Fecundity and population structure of cockles, Anadara antiquata L. 1758 (Bivalvia: Arcidae) from a sandy/muddy beach near Dar es salaam, Tanzania. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 4(1): 77–84.

Ngatunga B.P. & J. Snoeks (2003). Lethrinops turneri, a new shallow-water                                 haplochromine cichlid (Teleostei; Cichlidae) from Lake Malawi basin. Ichthyol. Exploration of. Freshwater, 14(2): 127-136

Ngatunga, B.P, Turner, G.F., Robinson, R.L., Shaw, P.W. & Carvalho, G.R. (2001). Pelagic cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi/Nyasa. In: Coleman, R.M. Cichlid Research State of the Art. J. Aquariology & Aquatic Sciences 9, 287-302.

Rana, K., J. Anyila, K. Salie, C. Mahika, S. Heck and J. Young, 2005. The role of aqua farming in feeding African cities. Urban Agriculture 14, 36-38.

Sarvala, J., Badende, S., Chitamwebwa, D., Juvonen, P., Mwape, L., Molsa, H., Mulimbwa, N., Salonen, K., Tarvainen, M. and Vuorio, K. 2003. Size-fractioned and isotope ratios elucidate the role of microbial food web in the pelagial of Lake Tanganyika.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 6: 241–250.

Sarvala, J., Badende, S., Chitamwebwa, D., Juvonen, P., Mwape, L., Mölsä, H., Mulimbwa, N., Salonen, K., Tarvainen, M. & Vuorio, K. 2001: Stable natural isotope ratios elucidate the food web structure in the pelagial zone of Lake Tanganyika: preliminary results. Univ. Joensuu, Publ. Karelian Inst. 133: 230-234.

Sarvala, J., Langenberg, V., Salonen, K., Chitamwebwa, D., Coulter, G., Huttula, T., Kanyaru, R., Kotilainen, P., Makasa, L., Mulimbwa, N. & Mölsä, H. 2006: Fish catches from Lake Tanganyika mainly reflect changes in fishery practices, not climate. – Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29: 1182-1188.

Sekadende B., Lyimo T. & R. Kurmayer (2005). Microcystin production in the Mwanza Gulf (Lake Victoria, Tanzania), Hydrobiologia 543: 299-304.

Sekadende, B.C., A.S.E. Mbonde, S. Shayo & T.J. Lyimo (2004). Phytoplankton species diversity and abundance in satellite lakes of Lake Victoria basin (Tanzanian side). Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 83-92.

Shaghude, Y.W., Wannäs, K.O. and S.B. Mahongo, 2002: Biogenic assemblage and hydrodynamic settings of the tidally dominated reef platform sediments of the Zanzibar Channel. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science. 1 (2): 107-116.

Shoko, A.P.A., Ngowo, R.R.  & R.K. Waya, 2005: Deleterious Effects of Non-native Species Introduced into Lake Victoria, East Africa. WorldFish Center Quarterly, 28 (3 & 4): 28-32.

Taylor M.I.; Meardon F.; Turner G.; Seehausen O.; Mrosso, H.D.J; Rico C.: 2002 Primer note: Characterization of tetranucleotide microsatellite loci in a Lake Victoria, haplochromine cichlid fish: Pundamilia pundamilia x Pundamilia nyererei hybrid, Molecular Ecology Notes, 2: 443–445.

Wannink, J.H., Katunzi, E.F.B., Goudswaar, K.P.C., Witte, F. & W.L.T. Van Densen (2002). The shift to smaller zooplankton in Lake Victoria cannot be attributed to the sardine Rastrineobola argentea Cyprinidae Aquatic Living Resources, 15: 37–43.

Waya R.K. & Chande A. (2004) Species composition and biomass estimates of zooplankton in some water bodies within Lake Victoria basin. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 41-52.

Waya R.K. & Mwambungu J.A. (2004) Zooplankton communities of selected stations of Lake Victoria. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 11-20

Waya R.K. (2004) Diel Vertical Migration of Zooplankton in the Tanzanian waters of Lake Victoria. Tanzania Journal of Science: Special Issue on Lake Victoria, 30 (1): 123-134.

Witte, F., B.S. Msuku, J.H. Wannink, E.F.B. Katunzi, P.C. Goudswaard and T. Goldschimidt (2000). Recovery of cichlid species in Lake Victoria. An examination of factors leading to differential extinction. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 10: 233 – 241.

LIST OF BOOKS AND BOOK CHAPTERS (MORE THAN 70 SINCE 2000)

Balirwa, J.S., Wakwabi, E. and Katunzi, E., 2005. Critical habitats for fish survival and conservation of biodiversity. The state of the fisheries resources of Lake Victoria and their management: Proceedings of the Entebbe Regional Stakeholders Conference. LVFO, Entebbe. Uganda, ISBN 9970-713-10-2.

Bayona, J.D.R., Bipa, J., Kishe, M., Komakoma, J.D. & Mzighani, S., 2003. Aspects of fish biology and status of fish diversity in the Tanzanian littoral non-trawlable areas of Lake Victoria (Tanzania). In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 64-82.

Bayona, J.D.R., Mzighani, S. Komakoma J.D. & J.D. Bipa, 2005. Applicability and effectiveness of some fishing gears in assessing fish diversity and richness in non-trawlable areas of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 338-356.

Budeba, Y.L. and I.G. Cowx, 2005. The role of Caridina nilotica (Roux) in the Lake Victoria fisheries with reference to Lates niloticus (L.). In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda, ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Bwathondi, P.O.J., Ogutu,-Ohwayo, R. and Ogari, J. 2001. Lake Victoria Fisheries Management Plan. In: Cowx, I.G. and Crean, K. (eds.), LVFRP/TECH/01/16, Technical Document No. 16.

Bwathondi, P.O.J., Mahika, G.C., Shoko, A.P.A. and E. Mlaponi, 2005. Food and feeding habit of the tilapia Oreochromis variabilis (Boulenger, 1906), an endemic cichlid from Lake Victoria. In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda, ISBN 9970-713-11-1

Bwathondi, P.O.J., G.C. Mahika and A.P.A. Shoko, 2005. Aquaculture potential in the catchment areas of Lake Victoria, Tanzania part. In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000 A New Beginning Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1

Chande, A.I. & H.A. Mhitu, 2005. The role of reproductive strategies in recovery and success of selected fish species of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 318-324.

Chande, A.I., Mgaya, Y.D. and Muruke, M.H., 2004. Exploitation and pollution structure of commercially important crustacean resources in Bagamoyo coastal waters, Tanzania. In: Mgaya, Y.D., Msaki, P.K. and Kivaisi, A.K. (Ed) Current trends in environmental science research in Eastern Africa. Proceedings of an international symposium on scientific research on environment, September, 23-26, 2002, Dar es Salaam. Faculty of Science, University of Dar es Salaam, pp. 202-212.

Chande, A.I.; Dubi, A.; Francis, J; Mgaya, Y. D. and Jiddawi, N., 2001. Tanzania State of the Coast 2001: People and the Environment. Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership, Science and Technical Working Group. Coastal Management Report No. 2000 TCMP. ISBN: 9987 – 680 – 01 – 1, 50 pp.

Chitamwembwa, D.B.R. and Muhoza, S.K., 2005. Population structure of the macrozooplankton in southern Lake Victoria. In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Cowx, I.G., Mkumbo, O.C., Okaronon, J., Getabu, A., Muhoozi, L., Othina, A., Nsinda, P. & Tweddle, D., 2000. Are Nile perch in danger of extinction? In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Descy, J.-P., B. Leporcq, M.-A. Hardy, S. Pirlot, S. Sténuite, I. Kimirei, B. Sekadende, S.R. Mwaitega and D. Sinyenza. Le phytoplancton du Lac Tanganyika: une vision par l'analyse des pigments algaux. Académie des Sciences d’Outre-Mer, Bruxelles, 25 janvier 2005.

Descy, J.-P., C. Cocquyt, M.-A. Hardy, S. Sténuite, D. Sinyenza, I. Kimirei, S. Pirlot, W. Vyverman et P.-D. Plisnier. Phytoplancton et production primaire du lac Tanganyika. CILEF 03 (Conférence Internationale des Limnologues d’Expression Française), Montréal, juillet 2003

Descy, J.-P., M.-A. Hardy, C. Cocquyt, Plisnier, P.-D., Chitamwebwa, D., Kimirei, I., Gosselain, V. & Pirlot, S., 2002. Phytoplancton et production primaire dans la partie nord du lac Tanganyika (Kigoma, Tanzanie). CILO, Paris.

Francis, J., Mahongo, S., Semesi, A., Muhando, C., Mgaya, Y., Daffa, J. and M. Ngoile (Eds), 2001. Eastern Africa Atlas of Coastal Resources: Tanzania. UNEP, Nairobi, 111p.

Geheb, Kim; Crean Kevin; Medard, M; Kyangwa, M; Lwenya, C and Onyango, P. (2002). On pitfalls and building blocks: towards the management of Lake Victoria’s fisheries.  In: Geheb, K and Sarch, M-T. (Eds).  Africa’s Inland Fisheries: The management challenge.  Fountain. pp 142-173.

Heck, S., J. Ikwaput, C.T. Kirema-Mukasa, C. Lwenya, D.N. Murakwa, K. Odongkara, P. Onyango, J.P. Owino and F. Sobo (2004). Cross-border and Fish Trade on Lake Victoria. Iv+82p, ISBN 2-8317-0761-7.

Kangwe, J.W., Hellblom, F., Semesi, A.K., Mtolera, M.S.P., and Bjork, M. 2001. Heavy metals inhibition on calcification and photosynthetic rates of a geniculate calcareous alga Amphiroa tribulus. In: Francis, J and Richmond, M. (eds) Proceedings of the 20th Anniversary Conference on Advances in Marine Science in Tanzania; 28 June – 1 July, Zanzibar, Tanzania.

Katunzi EFB 2003. Satellite lakes, rivers and dams as refugia for the endangered fish species of Lake Victoria. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 44-53.

Katunzi EFB 2005. Satellite lakes, rivers and dams as relics of Lake Victoria. LVFO 2005. Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000 A New Beginning Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1, pp 259-263.

Katunzi, E.F.B., 2005. The biology, ecology and fishery of Oreochromis esculentus in the Lake Victoria basin. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 277-285.

Katunzi, E.F.B., Wannink, J.H. and F. Witte, 2005. The zooplanktivorous fish community in Mwanza gulf of Lake Victoria: Recent developments and their effects on the sustainable exploitation of Rastrienobola argentea. LVFO 2005.  Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000, A New Beginning Conference, 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Kaufman, L. and P. Bwathondi, 2005. Development of Lake Victoria’s fisheries sector in the third millennium. LVFO 2005.  Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000, A New Beginning Conference, 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Kirema-Mukasa, C.T., Owino J.P. and Onyango, P.O., 2005. Strategies for management of Transboundary Conflicts on Fishing and Fish Trade. Proceedings of the Regional Stakeholders conference 24-25 February: The state of the fisheries resources of Lake Victoria and their management; concerns, challenges and opportunities. ISBN 9970-713-10-2.

Kishe MA and Machiwa JF 2003. Heavy metal contents in Oreochromis niloticus (LINN 1757) from Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 117-127.

Kishe, M.A. & J.F. Machiwa, 2005. Distribution of heavy metals in sediments of Mwanza gulf of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 664-677.

Kulekana, J.J., 2003. Physico-chemical parameters in some satellite lakes within the Lake Victoria catchmet. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 215-233.

Kulekana, J.J., 2005. The anthropogenic inputs in aquatic systems as souce of pollution in Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 648-663.

Kulindwa, K., Ikiara, M., Chande, A. and Milly, N. 2006. To conserve or to convert the Lake Victoria Basin Wetlands: An economic valuation of Mara wetland. Inter-University Council of East Africa., 80 pp.

Lyimo TJ and Sekadende B 2003. A survey of phytoplankton communities in the main lake and satellite lakes of Lake Victoria. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 83-92.

Mahika, C., 2003. Seagrass.  In: Whitney. A, T. Bayer, C. Mahika and J. Daffa (eds). State of the Coast Report. Tanzania Coastal Management Project (TCMP), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, pp 39-40. ISBN: 9987-680-06-2

Mahika, C., 2003. Seaweed Farming.  In: Whitney. A, T. Bayer, C. Mahika and J. Daffa (eds). State of the Coast Report. Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership (TCMP), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, ISBN: 9987-680-06-2, pp. 50-51.

Medard, M. and Geheb, K. 2002. We do fish as women's groups and individuals: Perspectives from Lake Victoria. Proceedings of the Workshop on Gender in Fisheries and Aquaculture, European Commission, Brussels December 9-10, 2002.

Medard, M., Geheb, K. & J.B. Okeyo-Owuor, 2002. Conflicts amongst resource users: The case of Kabangaja fishing and farming community on Lake Victoria (Tanzania). In: Geheb, K. and Sarch, M-T. (ed) Africa’s inland fisheries: The management challenge. Kampala, Fountain Publishers, pp 195-210.

Mhitu HA & Chande AI 2003. Food, feeding habits and trophic relationships of selected fish species in Tanzania waters of Lake Victoria. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 111-116.

Mhitu, H.A. Chande, A.I., Waya, R.K. & J.A. Mwabungu, 2005. Flow of food materials among fish communities in Lake Victoria. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 270-276.

Mkumbo O.C. and Mlaponi E. (2004). Hook/Bait Fishery in Lake Victoria: Its Impact to the resurging endemic species and the Management Implications. In: Martin van derknaap and M. Munawar (Eds). Lake Victoria: Managing its fisheries and biodiversity/ecosystem.

Mkumbo O.C., Cowx I.G., Muhoozi L., Okaranon J., Budeba Y., Tumwebaze R., Getabu A., Asila A. and Njiru M. (2004). Managing the Fisheries of Lake Victoria: Acting On the Complexities of Reality. Fourth World Fisheries Congress, Reconciling Fisheries with Conservation: The Challenge of Managing Aquatic Ecosystems. May 2-6, 2004. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Book of Abstract, pp.271.

Mkumbo, O.C., Ezekiel, C, Y.L. Budeba and I.G. Cowx, 2002. Analysis of exploitation patterns for Nile perch, Lates niloticus, in Lake Victoria. In: Cowx I.G. (ed) Management and ecology of lake and reservoir fisheries. Fishing News Books – Blackwell Science, pp. 84-95.

Mkumbo, O.C., Ezekiel, C, Y.L. Budeba and I.G. Cowx, 2005. The fishery of Lake Victoria, Tanzania: pre-post Nile perch era and the future. LVFO 2005. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Mkumbo, O.C., Okaranon, J., Getabu, A., Muhoozi, L., Othina, A., Tweddle, D. & Cowx, I.G. (2002) Analysis of exploitation patterns for Nile perch in Lake Victoria. In: I.G. Cowx (ed.) Management and Ecology of Lake and Reservoir Fisheries. Oxford: Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, pp. 94-95.

Muzuka, A.N.N., Kangwe, J.W., Nyandwi, N., Wannas, K.O., Mtolera, M.S.P. and Bjork, M. (2001). Preliminary results on the sediment sources, grain size distribution and percentage cover of sand producing Halimeda species and associated flora in Chwaka Bay. In: Francis, J. and Richmond, M. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 20th Anniversary Conference on Advances in Marine Science in Tanzania; 28 June – 1 July, Zanzibar, Tanzania, pp. 51-60.

Mwaitega S.R. 2005. Environmental Education a key for better Management of lake basins in developing countries like Tanzania. In: Odada et al. (eds) Proceedings Volume I, 11th World Lake Conference, Nairobi, pp 297-303.

Mwambungu JA 2003. Assessment of macro-invertebrate species in Tanzania waters of Lake Victoria. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 93-110.

Mwambungu, J.A. Mhitu, H.A. & A.I Chande, 2005. Benthic macro-invertebrates of the Tanzania side of Lake Victoria and their role in fish production. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 369-378.

Ndaro, S.G.M. and Chitamwebwa, D., 2004. The fishes and fisheries of the two Lakes Sagara and Nyamagoma, pp. 37 – 55.  In: Nkotagu, H.H. and Ndaro S.G.m. (eds), The Malagarasi Wetland Ecosystem:  An Integrated Study.  Dar es Salaam University Press Ltd., 141p.

Ngatunga B.P. & J. Snoeks (2004). Key to the shallow-water species of Lethrinops sensu lato. In Snoeks (Ed.): The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: identification, distribution and taxonomy, pg 252-260, Cichlid Press.

Ngatunga B.P., J. Manuel, T. Nyasulu, J. Chisambo, M. Hanssens & J. Snoeks (2004). Identification, distribution and taxonomy of Malawi Cichlids: a look at the future. In Snoeks (Ed.): The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: identification, distribution and taxonomy, pg 354-357, Cichlid Press.

Ngatunga, B.P, Turner, G.F., Robinson, R.L., Shaw, P.W. & Carvalho, G.R. (2002). Pelagic cichlid fishes of Lake Malawi/Nyasa: biology, management and conservation. In: Cowx, I. Management and Ecology of Lake and Reservoir Fisheries. Blackwell (Fishing News Books), pp. 353-367.

Ngoile, M.A.K., J. Daffa and J. Kulekana, (2001). Integrated Coastal Management in Tanzania and Eastern Africa. Addressing Diminishing Resources and a Forgotten People. Science and Integrated Coastal Management. Dahlem University Press.

Ngusaru A.S. and S. Mahongo, 2000 (Eds). Annotated bibliography based on marine science literature in Tanzania. TCMP Working Document No. 5038, 169p.

Njiru, M., Y.L. Budeba and S.B. Wandera (2005) Reproduction and growth of commercially important fishes of Lake Victoria. In: LVFO (2005) The state of the fisheries resources of Lake Victoria and their management:: Proceedings of the Entebbe Regional Stakeholders’ Conference 24th – 25 February 2005 Entebbe, Uganda. ISBN: 9970-713-10-2

Nsinda, P.E. and J. Ngowo, 2005. Assessment of catch and effort for Lates niloticus (.), Oreochromis niloticus (L.) and Rastrineobola argentea (Pellegrin) using fisheries- dependent data from Tanzania waters of Lake Victoria. LVFO 2000. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Odongkara K., Abila R and Onyango P. (2005). Socio-economic viability and sustainability of BMUs: A case study of Lake Victoria border BMUs. Fisheries Management Series IUCN EARO

Odongkara, C; Abila, R and Onyango, P. (2005). Distribution of economic benefits from the fisheries of Lake Victoria.  Proceedings of the Regional Stakeholders Conference 24-25 February: The state of the fisheries resources of Lake Victoria and their management; concerns, challenges and opportunities. EAC and LVFO, ISBN 9970-713-10-2

Odongkara, C; Abila, R and Onyango, P. (2005). Distribution of economic benefits from the fisheries of Lake Victoria.  Proceedings of the Regional Stakeholders conference 24-25 February: The state of the fisheries resources of Lake Victoria and their management; concerns, challenges and opportunities. EAC and LVFO, ISBN 9970-713-10-2

Onyango PO 2003. Malnutrition prevalence in Lake Victoria catchment area, Tanzania: is fish export the root cause? In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 128-143.

Onyango, P.O., 2005. Ownership: The foundation of a sustainable Integrated Management of Lake Victoria. LVFO 2000. Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A New Beginning” Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Onyango, P.O. (2000). Ownership and co-management; towards an integrated management of Lake Victoria.  In Geheb K. and K Crean (Eds.) 2000.  The co-management survey: Co-managerial perspectives for Lake Victoria’s fisheries LVFRP Technical Document No. 11.  LVFRP/TECH/00/11.  Jinja, The Socio-economic Data Working Group of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project, pp 108-115.

Onyango, P.O., Haule, T.D. & S. Mwanahamisi, 2005. Potential strategies to address fisher’s problems in Lake Victoria, Tanzania. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 379-404.

Reynolds, J.E., R. Abila, Craig Harris, Eirik Jansen, C. Kirema-Mukasa, C. Odongkara, P. Onyango and D. Wiley. Charting ideals, navigating realities: responsible fisheries for a 21st century Lake Victoria. In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000 A New Beginning Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Shoko APA, Urassa FM and Ndaro SGM 2003. Study on the effects of stocking density on the growth performance of Oreochromis variabilis (BOUL) fry under aquaculture conditions. In: Ndaro SGM and Kishimba M (eds) Proceedings of the LVEMP Tanzania 2001 Scientific Conference. Jamana Printers, Dar es Salaam, pp. 54-63.

Shoko, A.P.A., Urasa F.M. & S.G.M. Ndaro, 2005. The effects of different diets on the growth performance of Tilapia Oreochromis variabilis (Boul. 1906) under Aquaculture conditions. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 424-444.

Tumwebaze, R., Getabu, A, Bayona, J., McClennan, D. & Cowx, I.G. (2002) Fisheries of Lake Victoria: an underwater perspective. In: I.G. Cowx (ed.) Management and Ecology of Lake and Reservoir Fisheries. Oxford: Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, pp. 70-83.

Tumwebaze, R., Getabu, A., Bayona, J., McClennan, D. & Cowx, I.G. Fisheries of Lake Victoria: an underwater perspective. In: LVFO 2005. Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000, A New Beginning Conference. 15-19 May 2000. Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Wagner, G.M., Mgaya, Y.D., Akwilapo, F.D., Ngowo, R.G., Sekadende, B.C., Allen, A., Price, N., Zollet, E.A. and Mackentley, N., 2001. Restoration of coral reef and mangrove ecosystems at Kunduchi and Mbweni, Dar es Salaam, with community participation. In: Richmond, M.D. and Francis, J. (eds.), “Marine Science Development in Tanzania and Eastern Africa. Proceedings of the 20th Anniversary Conference on Advances in Marine Sciences in Tanzania, 28 June - 1 July 1999, Zanzibar, Tanzania”. IMS and WIOMSA. Zanzibar: pp. 467-488.

Wanink, J.H., Witte, F., Goudswaard, P.C., Katunzi, E.F.B. & Berger, M.R. (2005) Changes in biomass and predation pressure of zooplanktivorous fish in the sublittoral waters of the Mwanza Gulf of Lake Victoria. pp. 89-95. In: Proceedings of Lake Victoria 2000 a new beginning conference. 15-19 May 2000, Jinja, Uganda. LVFO, Jinja, Uganda. ISBN 9970-713-11-1.

Waya, R.K., 2005. Zooplankton communities of some Tanzanian Lake Victoria Basin water bodies. In: Knowledge and Experiences Gained from Managing the Lake Victoria Ecosystem. LVEMP, Dar es Salaam, pp 405-423.

Whitney. A, T. Bayer, C. Mahika and J. Daffa (eds), 2003. State of the Coast Report. Tanzania Coastal Management Project (TCMP), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 72p, ISBN: 9987-680-06-2

Witte, F., H.H. Wanink, M.A. Kishe, O.C. Mkumbo, P.C. Goudswaard and O. Seehausen, 2004. Differential decline and recocery of haplochromine trophic groups in the Mwanza Gulf of Lake Victoria. In: M. van der Knaap & M. Munawar (eds) Lake Victoria fisheries: Status, biodiversity and management. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society.

Witte, F., Wanink, J.H., Goudswaard, P.C. & Katunzi, E.F.B. (2005) Daily phytoplankton intake by fish before the ecological changes in the Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria. pp. 79-88. In: Proceedings of “Lake Victoria 2000: A new beginning” conference. 15-19 May 2000, Jinja, Uganda. LVFO.

 

THESES

Bayona, J.D.R. 1978. Estimation of target strength of cage-confined Luciolates stappersii. MSc  Thesis University Wash. 107p.

Budeba, Y.L. (1996) Spatial community structure of the hyperbenthos of Gazi bay- Kenya. MSc Thesis, Free University of Brussels- Belgium. 68 pp.

Budeba, Y.L. (2003). The role of Caridina nilotica (Roux 1833) in the Lake Victoria fisheries, Tanzanian waters. PhD Thesis, the University of Hull, 278 pp.

Bwathondi, P.O.J., 1973: Biology and Fishery of Palinurid Lobsters in Tanzania. MSc Thesis, Aberdeen University.

Bwathondi, P.O.J., 1976: Food, Parasites and Growth of trout, Salmo trutta in Loch of Strathberg. PhD Thesis, Aberdeen University.

Chande, A.I. 1991. Post Harvest Losses and Insect Infestation of Fish in Tanzania. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam. 109 pp.

Chande, A.I., 1999. The Biology and Fishery Potential of the crab, Portunus pelagicus (L.) along the Coast of Dar es Salaam. Ph.D Thesis University of Dar es Salaam. 291 pp.

Kangwe, J.W. 1999. Effects of Land-based Pollution on Reef building Calcareous Algae in the reefs near Zanzibar town. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Kangwe, J.W. (2006). Calcareous Algae of a Tropical Lagoon: Primary Productivity, Calcification and Carbonate Production. PhD Thesis in Plant Ecology and Physiology, Stockholm University.

Kapapa, L., 2003. The importance of Artisanal Fisheries of Lake Tanganyika to the Livelihood of the Fishers in Kigoma Region – Tanzania. MSc Thesis,   University of Tromsoe.

Katunzi, E.F.B. (1981). The food preference of four Haplochromine cichlids from Mwanza Gulf. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.

Kayanda, R. J. 2004. Gillnet selectivity: A case of Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) fishery in Lake Victoria. MSc Thesis, University of Tromsoe, Norway.

Kishe, M.A., 2002: Some aspects of heavy metal pollution in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.

Kulekana, J.J. (1987). Growth Parameter estimation and Yield per recruit for Trachurus trechae along the West African coast. Diploma Thesis.

Kulekana, J.J. (1993). Mercury vapour syringe injection calibration for Atomic Absorption and Atomic Fluorescence Spectrophotometer and its application in determining mercury in Tuna fish. MSc Thesis.

Mahika, C.G, (1991). Some Biological and Management Aspects of the Inshore Shrimp Fisheries of Tanzania. NORAD International Diploma Thesis, University of Bergen.

Mahika, C.G.  (1992). By-Catch Reduction by Rigid Separator Grids in Penaeid Shrimp Trawl Fisheries: The case of Tanzania. MPhil Thesis, University of Bergen.

Mahika, C.G. (2002). A Culture-Based Conservation Strategy for the Endangered Tilapia Oreochromis variabilis (Boulenger, 1906) in the Lake Victoria Basin-Tanzania. PhD Thesis, University of Stirling, 241pp.

Mahongo, S.B., 1997. Surface Heat Exchange and Bottom Reflection in a Tidal, Shallow Tropical Lagoon: Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar. MSc Thesis, Gothenburg University.  ISSN 1400-3821.

Medard, M. (2002). Co-Management for the Lake Victoria’s Fisheries Resources in Tanzania: Potentials, Obstacles and Sustainability. MPhil Thesis, Moi University.

Mkumbo, O.C., 1986. Stock assessment of Lake Victoria. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam, 147p.

Mkumbo O.C. (2002) Assessment and management of Nile perch (Lates niloticus L) stock in the Tanzanian waters of Lake Victoria. PhD Thesis University of Hull, 276pp.

Mrosso, H.D.J. 1996. A study of the properties of Tanzanian Acacia gums. MSc Thesis.

Msuku, B.S. (2001) Some Aspects of the population Ecology of Oreochromis esculentus (Graham, 1929) in Satellite Lake Malimbe in Lake Victoria Basin. MSc Dissertation, Makerere University.

Musiba, M. J. (2004). Some aspects of the life history of diplostomum species (Digenea: Diplostomatidae) infecting Clarias species (Clariidae) of Lake Victoria. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es salaam.

Mwaiko, S.1990. The distribution, catch composition and Abundance of the demersal fish resources of Tanzania. MPhil Thesis, University of Bergen: 35pp.

Mwaiko, S.P., 2005: Origins of haplochromine cichlid superflock/subflock and monophyly of small lakes in Lake Victoria basin. PhD Thesis, Aberdeen University.

Mwaitega, S.R., 2003. Limnological studies of flood plain lakes Ruwe and Uba, Rufiji River in Tanzania. MSc Thesis submitted at the UNESCO -IHe, Institute for water education, Netherlands.

Mwakosya, C.A. 2004. Assessment of Tanzanian prawn fishery resources. Mphil Thesis, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, 82pp.

Mwambungu J.A. 1988. Assessment of terminal spined Shistosomes in Mbozi District, MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.

Ngatunga B.P. (1985). The growth promoting effects of single and multiple hormones administered at different phases of the photoperiodic cycle to Tilapia marie (Boulenger). MSc Thesis, University of Wales, 76pp.

Ngatunga, B.P (2000). A taxonomic revision of the shallow-water species of the genera Lethrinops, Tramitichromis and Taeniolethrinops (Teleostei, Cichlidae) from Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa (East Africa). PhD Thesis, University of Rhodes, South Africa, 293pp.

Nsinda, P., 2003. The Impact of Net Sizes on the Status and Some Aspect of the Ecology of Rastrineobola argentea of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. MSc Dissertation, Makerere University.

Onyango, P.O. (2004). Reforming fisheries management: A case study of co-management in Lake Victoria Tanzania.  MSc Thesis, Norwegian College of Fisheries Science, University of Tromso, 113 pp.

Sekadende, BC, 2002: Assessment of toxin producing cyanobacteria in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria. MSc Thesis, University of Mondsee, Austria.

Shoko, A.P.A., 2002. The effects of different diets and stocking densities on the growth performance of Tilapia Oreochromis variabilis (Boulenger 1906) under Aquaculture conditions. MSc Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam, 86 pp.

 

 

Facilities and Databases

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Training and Research Facilities

Existing facilities are those inherited from the predecessor establishments, and those acquired from large donor funded projects.

Dar es Salaam Centre has a research boat, R/V Kiboko (12m, 105HP), a fibreglass speed boat R/V Utafiti (8m with two inboard twin engines 105HP each) and a small library (14.41 m2 with 1,503 old books and 113 old journals). Dar es Salaam Headquarters has a small library (18.75 m2) not presently equipped with books or journals. The headquarters has also an aquaria and a boardroom (50 m2) for internal use only. Both Dar es Salaam Headquarters and Dar es Salaam Centre have no laboratories.

Databases

There are several databases which are operated at either individual or regional level. The Regional (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania) databases include SAMAKI Fisheries Database, GIS database and Bibliography on Aquatic Biodiversity. Individual databases are FishBase and Satellite Lakes database. The main modules of the SAMAKI Fisheries Database are as follows:

  • Frame Survey Database
  • Catch Assessment Database
  • Trawl Survey Database
  • Dagaa Survey Database
  • Biological Database
  • Fish Processing Database
  • MCS Database
  • Bibliography
  • Socio-economic Meta-database

 

 

Research Projects

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Institutional Research Projects

Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project (LVEMP) is a comprehensive regional effort by the Governments of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda to reverse the environmental and natural resources degradation of Lake Victoria and its basin.  The five-year project (July 1997 – June 2002) was initiated under a Tripartite Agreement signed on 5th August 1994 between the three riparian countries. The Project is currently in an Extension Phase (July 2002 – June 2007), a preparatory stage for Phase II of LVEMP, which is expected to commence in December 2007. Under this project, TAFIRI implements the Fisheries Research Component with five Sub-Components namely:  Fish Biology and Biodiversity; Aquaculture Research; Socio-economics; and Information and Database Establishment.

Implementation of a Fisheries Management Plan Project for Lake Victoria (IFMP): The overall goal of the project is to contribute to the sustainable economic growth, resource use and development in the Lake Victoria Basin. The Project is implemented by the Fisheries Research (TAFIRI) and Fisheries Management Institutions of the three riparian countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This is the third phase of a five-year European Union funded project, the Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project (LVFRP) that ended in December 2002. The Project is funded through the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO) of the East African Community (EAC). The IFMP aims at applying the knowledge gained from LVFRP.

African Coelacanth Ecosystem Programme (ACEP): The Programme was launched in 2002 after the discovery of a colony of coelacanths in the shallow waters of the Greater St Lucia Wetland Park in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Using the coelacanth as an icon, ACEP is an African Regional Flagship programme exploring the Western Indian Ocean to promote the wise collective management of marine resources, sustainability and an improved quality of life for all countries involved. ACEP employs science to explore the deep unknown and develop sustainability, and ultimately to benefit people. It run by a consortium of institutions, including universities and technikons, research organisations, government departments, museums, aquaria, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs), government and non-government conservation organisations within Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius Mozambique, Seychelles and South Africa. Apart from TAFIRI, other participating institutions in Tanzania include IMS and the Marine Parks and Reserves Unit of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism.

Marine and Coastal Environment Management Project (MACEMP): The Project seeks to improve the regulatory and institutional framework for management of marine resources, particularly establishing the links between the marine environment and the fisheries resource and what are expected to be conservative estimates of sustainable commercial exploitation of marine fishery resources. The project will also include data collection (oceanographic and fisheries) that complements other programs operating in the marine environment, particularly those currently funded by the European Union (fisheries), USAID, IUCN and WWF (coastal zone management). The Project commenced in July 2005, the official completion date being August 2011. The Project is implemented by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism for Tanzania Mainland (MNRT) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Cooperatives for Tanzania Zanzibar (MANREC). In this Project, TAFIRI has been tasked with the responsibility of carrying out fish stock assessment for near-shore waters (Territorial Sea).

The South Western Indian Ocean Fisheries Project (SWIOFP): It is a multinational programme aimed at improving the understanding and management of marine resources in the South West Indian Ocean. The project intends to build human and institutional capacity in Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Mauritius, Seychelles, Comoros and South Africa and to forge a regional approach to resource management. SWIOFP plans to collect the requisite scientific information needed to make informed decisions about the development and management of living resources in the respective 200 nm Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) of the nine participating countries in the Region.

Lake Tanganyika Integrated Regional Development Programme (LTIDP). The project aims at rationalizing the exploitation of fisheries resources, protecting the lake environment in a sustainable manner, reducing the poverty of the lake basin communities, who mainly depend on fisheries resources and are among the poorest in the region. Further, it aims to diversify sources of income and create jobs. The project will also help improve regional consultation and cooperation, which will, in the medium and long term, reduce the potential sources of conflict in the region where a social-political; crisis has been raging and insecurity is persistent. The project comprises four components namely: Institutional Capacity Building; Rural Infrastructure and Local Development; and Project Management. The project, being financed by the Nordic Development Fund, commenced in May 2005, and the completion date being January 2012. TAFIRI is implementing the Tanzania Fisheries Component of the project.

Regional Tuna Tagging Programme – Indian Ocean (RTTP-IO) is a European Development Fund (EDF) Project which has been adopted by the major regional organizations and coordinated through the Inter-Regional Coordination Committee (COMESA, IGAD, EAC, SADC and COI).  The Commission de l’Océan Indien (COI) which is based in Mauritius is the contracting authority of this project, while its supervision is executed by the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) which is based in the Seychelles. The overall objective of the Project is to reinforce the regional management capacity, leading to the sustainable exploitation of tuna resources in the Indian Ocean. The specific objective is to reinforce the scientific knowledge of tropical tuna stocks including the rate of exploitation in the Indian Ocean by obtaining the crucial model parameters for stock assessment.  The project commenced in May 2005, and has a duration of 5 years. One scientist from TAFIRI is participating in the Project.

 

Courses and Training

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Degree Programmes: Currently postgraduate courses are being developed with the view to launch them in 2007. Three lines of specialization are envisaged namely, Maritime archaeology, Marine Geoinformatics, and Marine and Coastal Resources Management.

The Postgraduate studies in Marine Sciences of the University of Dar es Salaam to be offered by the  Institute of Marine Sciences will be by Course work and Dissertation with three specializations, and by Thesis leading to the award of an MSc or PhD as follows.

(1). MSc IN MARINE AND COASTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

The Marine and Coastal Resources Management (MCRM) specialisation trains students to address scientific and socio-economic issues related to coastal and marine resources.  Coastal marine ecosystems provide a plethora of essential goods and services, including fisheries, navigation space, nutrient and carbon cycling, geochemical products, disposal space for natural and anthropogenic wastes, recreation, and aesthetic pleasure.  Coastal marine goods and services are produced through complex interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components that occur within a multitude of coastal habitats, including municipalities, watersheds, intertidal rocky shores and beaches, bays, wetlands, estuaries, kelp forests, coral reefs, and the nearshore pelagic environment.  Worldwide, societies are faced with the serious challenges of developing and implementing novel approaches for managing coastal resources for long-term sustainability, and conserving the structure and function of marine ecosystems. MCRM students will be trained to meet these challenges through an interdisciplinary education in marine science, policy, law, quantitative analysis, and modelling.  Students from the MCRM specialization will find employment in both the public and private sectors.

(2). MSc IN MARINE AND COASTAL ARCHAEOLOGY

The Marine and Coastal Archaeology speciality focuses at the understanding of the cultural history of humans and their evolution. In addition, the  programme deals with the identification of marine arte-facts including ship wrecks that need to be preserved for the benefit of the nation and future generations and thus play a key role in expanding the tourism industry in Tanzania. It is noted here that currently these specialties are seriously lacking in Tanzania and in Eastern Africa. This has led to uncontrolled exploration of arte-facts and sometimes exploitation of natural resources without the knowledge of the local scientists and responsible authorities. To complete the Masters degree in Maritime Archaeology students must complete and pass a minimum of 30 units of the course programme and conduct a substantial piece of independent research, which is presented and assessed in the form of a dissertation.

(3). MSc IN MARINE AND COASTAL GEO-INFORMATICS

This specialisation is designed to provide an advanced education in the principles and practice of GIS in marine sciences, leading to the award of Master of Science (MSc). The programme comprises 15 taught course, covering data models and data structures, acquisition and management of data, spatial analysis and modelling, remote sensing, GIS design and implementation issues, GIS programming and customisation and database technology. Concepts and techniques are illustrated using case study material drawn from a variety of application areas, although students choose one optional module in which they focus on applications of GIS to either environmental management or other issues. Practical work is undertaken using a variety of commercial software including ArcGIS and ERDAS Imagine. For the award of MSc the student must undertake an independent research project, submitted as a written dissertation.

(4). MSc IN MARINE SCIENCE BY THESIS

(5). PhD IN MARINE SCIENCE BY THESIS

Short courses: There is capacity to develop short courses but so far there are no regular courses in place except for occasional thematic courses structured according to the client’s needs. Example of such courses include:

Regional Training Course in Nutrient Analysis (5-9th June 2006)

This was a five-day training course in nutrient analysis that was held at the Institute under the auspices of the GEF – WIO-LaB project “Addressing Land-based Activities in the Western Indian ocean” involving participants from WIO-LaB project participating countries including Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, South Africa, Mozambique, Seychelles and the host country Tanzania. The course exposed participants to basic concept of marine pollution as well as theoretical and practical aspects of nutrient analysis in seawater samples, using theoretical classes, fieldwork and laboratory exercises.

 

 

Staff

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Researchers and Academic Staff

At the time the institute started operating there were only 18 staff members including one scientist with PhD and one with MSc. Currently, TAFIRI has a total of 220 employees, of which 103 are professional staff comprising 47 Research Scientists. The total number of support staff is 117. Of the 47 research scientists, 9 scientists hold PhD (1 scientist on post doctoral program), while 24 hold MSc (6 scientists on PhD training program) and the remaining 14 hold BSc degrees (7 scientists on MSc training program and 1 scientist on PhD program).

Budeba, Y.L., PhD, Food web/Limnology
Chande, A.I., PhD, Marine/Fisheries Biology & Ecology/Biodiversity
Kangwe, J.S., PhD, Plant Ecology/ Physiology/ Taxonomy/Biology
Mahika, C.G., PhD, Aquaculture/Stock Assessment/Seaweeds
Mfilinge, P.L., PhD, Basic Biology/Ecology/ Ecosystem diversity
Mkumbo, O.C., PhD, Fisheries Biology/Stock Assessment
Mwaiko, S.P., PhD, Fish Genetics/Taxonomy
Ngatunga, B.P., PhD, chthyology (Fish Taxonomy)
Chitamwebwa, D., MSc, Fish Biology & Management/Limnology
Ezekiel, C.N., MSc, Environmental Sciences/Fisheries Biology
Igulu, M., MSc, Ecology of Marine Ecosystems
Kapapa, L., MSc, Fisheries Management/Socio-economics
Katonda, I.K., MSc, Fisheries Biology
Katunzi, E.F.B., MSc, Fisheries Biology
Kayanda, R., MSc, Stock Assessment /Fisheries Management/Database Development & Management
Kihedu, K.J., MSc, Food Science
Kimirei, I., MSc, Fish Ecology/Management/Climate change/ Limnology
Kishe, M.A., MSc, Fisheries Biology/ Environmental Science
Kulekana, J.J., Msc, Environmental Science
Mahongo, S.B., MSc, Physical Oceanography, Coastal/Marine Management
Mhitu, H.A., MSc, Fisheries Biology
Mrosso, H., MSc, Aquatic Ecology
Msuku, B.S., MSc, Fisheries/Aquatic Sciences
Musiba, M., MSc, Aquaculture/Fish Parasites
Mwaitega, S.R., MSc, Limnology/Wetland Ecosystems
Mwakosya, C., MSc, Fisheries Biology/Stock Assessment
Mwambungu, J.A., MSc, Macro-invertebrates
Nsinda, P., Msc, Fisheries/Aquatic Sciences
Onyango, P.O., MSc, Fisheries Management/Socio-economics
Sekadende, B.S., MSc, Primary productivity/Limnology
Shoko, A., MSc, Aquaculture
Kalangali, A., BSc, Marine Biology/Limnology
Kuboja, B., BSc, Marine Biology/Chemistry/Molecular Ecology
Matola, H., BSc, Marine Biology/ Microbiology
Mbonde, A., BSc, Marine Biology/ Microbiology
Mgana, H., BSc, Marine Biology/Chemistry
Mlaponi, E., BSc, Fisheries Biology/ Aquaculture
Mzighani, S., BSc, Fish Taxonomy/Population Genetics & Genome
Nestory, P.G., BSc, Fisheries Biology
Ngupula, G., Bsc, Marine Biology/Chemistry/Aquatic Productivity
Peter, H., MSc, Marine Science/Ecological Marine Management
Salehe, M., BSc, Fisheries Socio-economics
Shayo, S., BSc, Limnology
Sululu, J., BSc, Fisheries Biology
Waya, R.K., Bsc, Zooplankton Ecology

Technical Staff (Including Librarians and IT Managers)

The total number of Technical, Fishing and Library staff is 56. Out of these, 5 technical staff are currently enrolled on BSc degree training in national universities. However, the institute does not have IT managers at the moment.

Abdallah, S., Ordinary Seaman II
Chona, H.S., Ordinary Seaman I
Conrad, C., Deckhand I
Fabian, G., Laboratory Technician II
Felix. L., Ordinary Seaman I
Kamugisha, S., Senior Library Assistant I
Lipoiye, A., Marine Engineer Grade II
Marwa, G., Second Officer
Matiku, P., Laboratory Technician III
Mollel, A., Marine Engineer Grade III
Sylvester, S., Deckhand I
Ulotu, E., Senior Laboratory Technician II

 
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